Anti-doping rule violations

Under the World Anti-Doping Code there are ten possible Anti-Doping Rule Violations.


Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample.

We test for the presence of substances, drugs, medications and methods listed on the Prohibited List. We also tests for markers or other chemicals that indicate a prohibited substance has been used. 

More information on testing procedures


Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or prohibited method.

In addition to testing athletes, we have the power to investigate the possible use of prohibited substances, drugs, medications or methods in conjunction with the Australian Federal Police and Australian Customs and Border Protection Service. An athlete does not have to have succeeded in using a prohibited substance or method – if there is sufficient evidence that the athlete has attempted to use a prohibited substance or method, they can be sanctioned. It is the athlete’s responsibility to ensure that no prohibited substance, drug or medication enters his or her body. Not knowing that they have taken something is not an excuse under the Code.

More information on prohibited substances, drugs, medications and methods 
Check your substances


Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to sample collection after notification as authorised in applicable anti-doping rules, or otherwise evading sample collection.

If an athlete refuses or evades drug testing, they can be sanctioned. This sanction can be the same as if an athlete tested positive for a prohibited substance or method.

More information on testing procedures


Violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing...

...including failure to file required whereabouts information and missed tests which are declared based on rules which comply with the International Standard for Testing. 

Any combination of three missed tests and/or filing failures within a twelve-month period as determined by Anti-Doping Organisations with jurisdiction over the athlete shall constitute an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

Athletes who are part of the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) need to let us know where they are going to be, at specific times, so that we can perform no-advance notice testing. If athletes in the RTP do not provide current and accurate whereabouts information, they may incur a declaration and three declarations in 12 months may lead to an anti-doping rule violation.

More information on Whereabouts
More information on testing pools


Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control.

Any attempt to interfere in the drug testing process can lead to sanctions.

More information on drug testing.


Possession of prohibited substances and prohibited methods.

Athletes can receive sanctions for having possession of prohibited substances or methods, even if they have not taken the substance, or used the method.

If an athlete needs to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method for health reasons, they may be able to apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE).

More information on TUEs


Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method.

As a Government authority, ASADA works closely with Australian Customs and Border Protection Service and law enforcement bodies to investigate the trafficking of prohibited drugs, medications and substances. Athletes can receive a sanction for being involved in the trafficking of prohibited substances, including giving prohibited substances to non-athletes.


Administration or attempted administration... any athlete in-competition of any prohibited method or prohibited substance, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of-competition of any prohibited method or any prohibited substance that is prohibited out-of-competition, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an Anti-Doping Rule Violation or any attempted Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

Coaches, support personnel, parents, friends and anyone else involved in the life of an athlete can be subject to the World Anti-Doping Code. While anything found in an athlete's body is the athlete's responsibility, support personnel can commit Anti-Doping Rule Violations and receive sanctions which prevent them from being involved in sport or with athletes.



Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an Anti-Doping Rule Violation or attempted Anti-Doping Rule Violation by another person.


Prohibited Association.

Association in a professional or sport-related capacity with a person serving a period of ineligibility for an Anti-Doping Rule Violation, or a person not subject to a sport policy who has been convicted or in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceeding to have engaged in conduct which would have been an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.