2020 Prohibited List released
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has published the 2020 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods (List); the 2020 Summary of Major Modifications and Explanatory Notes; and the 2020 Monitoring Program. The List, which was approved by WADA’s Executive Committee (ExCo) on 23 September 2019, comes into force on 1 January 2020.
The List, which is one of six International Standards are mandatory for all Signatories of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), defines what substances and methods are prohibited both in- and out-of-competition, and which substances are banned in particular sports.
The publication of the 2020 Prohibited List is one of the cornerstones of the global anti-doping program. Every year, WADA reviews the List in consultation with a wide range of stakeholders and experts review sources, such as scientific and medical research, trends, and intelligence gathered from law enforcement and pharmaceutical companies.
The List is released three months ahead of it taking effect so that athletes and their support personnel can familiarise themselves with any modifications. Ultimately, athletes are responsible for the substances in their body and the methods on the List; and, athlete support personnel are also liable for anti-doping rule violations if determined to be complicit.
If there is any doubt as to the status of a substance or method, it is important that athletes or support personnel contact ASADA for advice.
The List’s annual revision process is led by WADA, beginning with an initial meeting in January and concluding with the publication of the List by 1 October. This is an extensive consultation process that includes WADA’s List Expert Group gathering information, circulating a draft List among stakeholders, taking their submissions into consideration and revising the draft, followed by review by the Agency’s Health, Medical and Research (HMR) Committee.
The HMR Committee then makes its recommendation to the WADA ExCo, which approves the List during its September meeting.
- For a substance or method to be added to the List, it must be determined that it meets two of the following three criteria: It has the potential to enhance or enhances sport performance
- It represents an actual or potential health risk to the athletes
- It violates the spirit of sport.
It should be noted that for athletes who have a legitimate medical reason for using a prohibited substance or method that is on the List, they may be accommodated if they meet the criteria outlined in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE). The TUE process has overwhelming acceptance from athletes, physicians and anti-doping stakeholders worldwide.