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1. Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample
ASADA tests for the presence of substances, drugs, medications and methods listed on the Prohibited List. ASADA also tests for markers or other chemicals that indicate a prohibited substance has been used.
More information on testing procedures
2. Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or prohibited method.
In addition to testing athletes, ASADA also has the power to investigate the possible use of prohibited substances, drugs, medications or methods in conjunction with the Australian Federal Police and Customs and Border Protection. An athlete does not have to have succeeded in using a prohibited substance or method – if there is sufficient evidence that the athlete has attempted to use a prohibited substance or method, they can be sanctioned. It is the athlete’s responsibility to ensure that no prohibited substance, drug or medication enters his or her body. Not knowing that you have taken something is not an excuse.
3. Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to sample collection after notification as authorised in applicable anti-doping rules, or otherwise evading sample collection.
If an athlete refuses or evades drug testing, they can be sanctioned. This sanction can be the same as if an athlete tested positive for a prohibited substance or method.
4. Violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing, including failure to file required whereabouts information and missed tests which are declared based on rules which comply with the International Standard for Testing. Any combination of three missed tests and/or filing failures within an eighteen-month period as determined by Anti-Doping Organisations with jurisdiction over the athlete shall constitute an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.
Athletes who are part of the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) need to let ASADA know where they are going to be, at specific times, so that ASADA can perform no-advance-notice testing. If athletes in the RTP do not provide current and accurate whereabouts information, they may incur Anti-Doping Rule Violations and subsequent sanctions.
5. Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control
Any attempt to interfere in the drug testing process can lead to sanctions.
6. Possession of prohibited substances and prohibited methods.
Athletes can receive sanctions for having possession of prohibited substances or methods, even if they have not taken the substance, or used the method.
If an athlete needs to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method for health reasons, they may be able to apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE).
7. Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method.
As a Government authority, ASADA works closely with Australian Customs and Border Protection to investigate the trafficking of prohibited drugs, medications and substances. Athletes can receive a sanction for being involved in the trafficking of prohibited substances.
8. Administration or attempted administration to any athlete in-competition of any prohibited method or prohibited substance, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of-competition of any prohibited method or any prohibited substance that is prohibited out-of-competition, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an Anti-Doping Rule Violation or any attempted Anti-Doping Rule Violation.
Coaches, support personnel, parents, friends and anyone else involved in the life of an athlete can be subject to the World Anti-Doping Code. While anything found in an athlete's body is the athlete's responsibility, support personnel can commit Anti-Doping Rule Violations and receive subsequent sanction.